Becoming a Reading Teacher
Connecting Research and Practice
- Available for pre-order on December 9, 2022. Item will ship after December 30, 2022
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This book encourages readers to think about reading not only as an encounter with written language, but as a lifelong habit of engagement with ideas. We look at reading in four different ways: as linguistic process, personal experience, collective experience, and as classroom practice. We think about how reading influences a life, how it changes over time, how we might return at different stages of life to the same reading, how we might respond differently to ideas read in an L1 and L2. There are 44 teaching activities, all founded on research that explores the nature, value and impact of reading as an authentic activity rather than for language or study purposes alone. We consider what this means for schools and classrooms, and for different kinds of learners. The final part of the book provides practical stepping stones for the teacher to become a researcher of their own classes and learners. The four parts of the book offer a virtuous join between reading, teaching and researching. It will be useful for any teacher or reader who wishes to refresh their view of how reading fits in to the development of language and the development of a reading life.
Table of Contents
List of Tables
List of Abbreviations
Series Editors Preface
Becoming a reading teacher
Why should a teacher of reading engage with research?
Ten questions about reading
What this book is not
What this book is
PART ONE From research to implications
A Framing reading as linguistic process
Question 1: What are we doing when we read?
Question 2: What are the different reasons and ways people read?
Question 3: What knowledge do we bring to our reading?
Question 4: What is the relationship between L1 and L2 reading?
B Framing reading as personal experience
Question 5: Why and how do people read for pleasure?
Question 6: Can reading change the way we think and feel?
C Framing reading as collective experience
Question 7: How far and in what ways is reading a collective act?
D Framing reading as pedagogy
Question 8: What pedagogies are used in the teaching of reading?
Question 9: How should teachers of reading teach language?
Question 10: What does it mean to be an effective teacher of reading?
Our beliefs and principles
PART TWO From implications to application
A Teaching reading as linguistic process
Question 1: What are we doing when we read?
Activity 1.1 All in one: the shape of words
Activity 1.2 Word chain race
Activity 1.3 Learner generated word race
Activity 1.4 Run-on sentences: seeing and hearing sentence boundaries
Activity 1.5 Text shopping: what’s next in the text?
Activity 1.6 Reading aloud and holistic reading
Activity 1.7 Storytelling: stories without barriers
Question 2 What are the different reasons and ways people read?
Activity 2.1 Reading the landscape: noticing and acting in the linguistic landscape
Activity 2.2 Bits and pieces: choosing your favourite bits in a longer text
Activity 2.3 Wikipedia race: searching for something specific
Activity 2.4 Information slant: separating facts and opinions
Activity 2.5 Why I read: personal reading behaviours
Question 3 What knowledge do we bring to our reading?
Activity 3.1 Rhyme race: reading and sounds
Activity 3.2 Word bags: knowing about words
Activity 3.3 Language detectives: reading and language patterns
Activity 3.4 Text guessing: reading and text types
Activity 3.5 Reading between the lines: reading for nuance
Activity 3.6 Border crossing: reading culturally
Question 4 What is the relationship between L1 and L2 reading?
Activity 4.1 Book covers crossing borders
Activity 4.2 Text memory game
Activity 4.3 First language story sharing
Activity 4.4 Talking to the author: asking questions about a text
Activity 4.5 Comprehending across languages
B Teaching reading as personal experience
Question 5 When and how do people read for pleasure?
Activity 5.1 Feeling stories
Activity 5.2 The dream book competition: understanding reading preferences
Activity 5.3 Reading spurs and blocks
Activity 5.4 Profiles of lifelong readers
Question 6 Can reading change the way we think and feel?
Activity 6.1 Nobel Prize champions: books which changed the way we think
Activity 6.2 Re-reading over time: returning to childhood stories
Activity 6.3 Reading in layers
Activity 6.4 Personal reading histories
C Teaching reading as collective experience
Question 7 How far and in what ways is reading a collective act?
Activity 7.1 Performing reading
Activity 7.2 Dream circles: building reading circles
Activity 7.3 Choosing together
Activity 7.4 Reading shaping the child
D Teaching and training reading pedagogy
Question 8 What pedagogies are used in the teaching of reading?
Activity 8.1 Communicating with texts
Activity 8.2 Text activities: interacting with texts
Activity 8.3 Task-based reading and the real world
Activity 8.4 Activity detective: mining for principles
Question 9 How should teachers of reading teach language?
Activity 9.1 Genre-bending: unravelling text types
Activity 9.2 Language doctor: unravelling a text
Question 10 What does it mean to be an effective teacher of reading?
Activity 10.1 Finding a star teacher 1: criteria for stardom
Activity 10.2 Finding a star teacher 2: Asking questions
Activity 10.3 Star teacher of reading competition
Activity 10.4 Walking into the shoes of star teachers
PART THREE From application to implementation
A Becoming a reading teacher: connecting with others
B Becoming a reading teacher: know yourself as a reader
C Building reading resources
D Building a reading assessment strategy
E Reading for many kinds of learners
F Reading for different kinds of classes
G Reading outside the classroom
H Creating a reading culture
PART FOUR From implementation to research
Introduction: researching as a teacher
A Researching reading as linguistic process
Research Idea 1: How does cultural knowledge help us read a text?
Research Idea 2: What are the differences in the way learners process LI and L2 texts?
Research Idea 3: Does translanguaging help reading in the L2?
Research Idea 4: How many words do my learners need to understand for a text to be readable?
B Researching reading as personal experience
Research Idea 5: What makes readers choose books?
Research Idea 6: What are the triggers for reading enjoyment in my own reading life?
C Researching reading as collective experience
Research Idea 7: Do reading communities make a difference to my learners?
Research Idea 8: How do my learners interact in self-run reading groups?
D Researching reading pedagogy
Research Idea 9 What kind of questions do I use in the reading classroom?
Research Idea 10 What are the qualities of successful reading lessons?
Final reflections: the virtuous circle
Jane Spiro is Professor of Education and TESOL at Oxford Brookes University, National Teaching Fellow and research lead for Applied Linguistics. Her book Changing Methodologies in TESOL (2013 Edinburgh University Press) forms the core of the MA in TESOL in the School of Education. She has run programmes for teachers of language and literature worldwide, including Hungary, Poland, Mexico, Kenya and India. Her doctorate was in the role of creativity in language education (Bath University 2008). She is a published poet and novelist: her resources for the teaching of language through creative writing include Storybuilding 2007 and Creative Poetry Writing 2004, with Oxford University Press. She was co-editor of the journal Reading in a Foreign Language in its first incarnation in the UK. Her most recent publication is Crossing Borders in University Learning and Teaching (Routledge 2022).
Amos Paran is Professor of TESOL at the IoE, UCL’s Faculty of Education and Society. His background is in teaching EFL in secondary schools in Israel, and he has worked and taught internationally, including visiting appointments in Chile, Germany and Hungary. He has also written EFL coursebooks including supplementary skills books for reading comprehension, and his doctoral work looked at processing words and reading times in L1 and L2. His current areas of interest are using literature in EFL, reading in EFL and distance education and he has published extensively in these areas, including co-editing Testing the Untestable in Language Education (with Lies Sercu, Multilingual Matters 2010) and co-authoring the teachers’ handbook Literature (with Pauline Robinson, OUP, 2016). He is a tutor on the free MOOC, Teaching EFL/ESL Reading: A Task-Based Approach. He is the Book Reviews editor of the ELT Journal and co-convenor of the AILA research network, Literature in Language Learning and Teaching (LiLLT).